• Dr. M. Shankar Lingam, Dr. Vanishree J Author


Artificial Intelligence (AI), a branch of computer science, is dedicated to creating systems that perform tasks typically requiring human intelligence, such as learning, problem-solving, perception, and understanding language. The journey of AI began in the 1950s, marked by the early development of AI programs focused on problem-solving and symbolic methods, with the Turing Test by Alan Turing being a notable milestone. However, the field experienced a decline in interest and funding in the late 1970s and again in the late 1980s, a period known as the 'AI Winter,' due to unmet expectations. This downturn was followed by a resurgence in the 1990s and early 2000s, driven by advancements in machine learning algorithms and increased computational power.

The 2000s marked a significant era for AI with the rise of machine learning, where algorithms learned from data to make predictions, catalyzing many recent AI achievements. Concurrently, substantial progress was made in natural language processing (NLP), enabling computers to understand and interpret human language more effectively. This progress led to more sophisticated chatbots and virtual assistants capable of engaging in complex interactions. In robotics, AI's application has resulted in autonomous machines that operate in diverse environments, from industrial robots that enhance manufacturing efficiency to social robots that assist in healthcare.

AI's transformative impact is evident across various sectors. In healthcare, AI is instrumental in diagnostics, personalized medicine, and predicting patient outcomes, significantly improving efficiency and accuracy in patient care. In the finance sector, AI assists in fraud detection, risk management, personalization of customer service, and supports sophisticated trading algorithms in financial markets. The manufacturing industry benefits from AI in optimizing production processes, supply chain management, and quality control through predictive maintenance. In retail, AI enhances customer experience through personalized recommendations, optimizes inventory management, and improves logistics. The field of education sees AI enabling personalized learning experiences, automating administrative tasks, and providing intelligent content. Finally, in transportation, AI plays a critical role in developing autonomous vehicles and optimizing traffic management systems. Overall, AI's evolution from theoretical concepts to advanced practical applications across various industries underscores its role as a driver of innovation, efficiency, and growth.




How to Cite

LEADERSHIP IN IMPLEMENTING ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) FOR STRATEGIC PURPOSES. (2024). International Development Planning Review, 23(1), 1-11. https://idpr.org.uk/index.php/idpr/article/view/104